L’isola Martana è più piccola ma ugualmente ricca di storia e monumenti. Sull’isola venne tenuta prigioniera e poi assassinata nel 535 d. C. la regina dei Goti, Amalasunta, figlia di Teodorico. Da segnalare i ruderi dell’antica chiesa di Santo Stefano e di un antico castello.
Bolsena Lake is the largest of the volcanic lakes of Europe and the fifth largest in Italy. It rises to an altitude of 305 meters above sea level, covers 114 sq km and has a maximum depth of 146 meters. Draws its origins hundreds of thousands of years ago when, in the territory of newly formed fractures were created which caused explosions with large lava flows and depletion of the subsoil and the consequent collapse of the crust and the formation of the caldera which will become the so-called catchment area of the lake water. Its waters are the habitat for numerous fish species including perch, pike, lattarino, eel, whitefish, mullet tench and carp. On the waters of the lake bordering numerous stretches of sandy beach. The surrounding hills are covered with lush vegetation and with the two islands that arise in the area are one of the most interesting landscapes of Tuscia.
Bisentina Island, the largest of the two, you can take a boat service leaving from Bolsena, Capodimonte. Inside, among the thick undergrowth of oaks, there are several monuments, various Etruscan necropolis, a fifteenth century convent, the Rock, an octagonal building designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, but remarkable above all, the Renaissance church of Saints James and Christopher, whose design was entrusted by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, Vignola, within which is buried Ranuccio III Farnese.
Scattered throughout the island there are seven small chapels decorated with frescoes by Benozzo Gozzoli’s followers. Particularly fascinating is a horrible prisondug in the tuff at the base of a vertical well, reserved for clerics guilty of heresy.
The Martana island is smaller but equally rich in history and monuments. The island was held prisoner and then murdered in 535 AD C. Queen of the Goths, Amalasunta, daughter of Theodoric. Of note are the ruins of the ancient church of Santo Stefano and an ancient castle.